If Enlightenment is characterized by the cult of reason and is based on its principles of civilization, Romanticism underlines the cult of nature, feelings and natural essence in human being. It was in the era of romanticism that the phenomena of tourism, mountaineering and picnics were brought up to re-establish the unity of man and nature. The image of the unspoilt "noble savage," armed with "folk wisdom" turned out to be in high demand. Thus, romanticists wanted to show an extraordinary person in extraordinary circumstances.
Romanticism is characterized by the assertion of self-worth of life of each individual, the image of the strong, rebellious passions and characters, spiritual and healing nature. In the XVIII century, all the strange, fantastic, picturesque and existing in the books rather than reality was called romantic.